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Materials

Thermoplastics

A CNC machined PVC part

PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride)

  • Economical
  • Easily welded or bonded
  • Good dimensional strength
  • Resistant to chemicals and corrosion
  • Good electrical and thermal insulator
  • Low water absorption
  • UL94-VO fire rating
  • FDA approved

Characteristics

PVC is one of the most widely used thermoplastics on the market. Its superior combination of properties and its low cost make it an easy choice for many applications.

complex machined pvc part PVC offers excellent chemical and flame resistance, strength-to-weight ratio and dielectric properties along with good tensile, flexural and mechanical strength, low moisture absorption and exceptional dimensional stability. In addition, it is easily altered by the addition of plasticizers, impact modifiers and other ingredients.

PVC can be used in the most demanding applications including food processing and is available in both rigid and flexible formulations.

Applications

  • Food and beverage grade tubing
  • Semiconductor equipment
  • Electrical and cable insulation
  • Municipal and industrial piping systems
  • Chemical processing
  • Pumps, valves and seals
  • Water and waste treatment equipment
  • Fume hoods

Questions?

Our application engineers can help. With decades of experience in plastic material selection, we'll help you choose the optimal plastic for your application and budget.

To compare
the cost of this material to other thermoplastics, click here.

General Material Properties

Property   Metric units   English units
General    
Density   1.3e3 - 1.49e3 kg/m^3   0.047 - 0.0538 lb/ft^3
Mechanical    
Yield Strength   4.14e7 - 5.27e7 Pa   6 - 7.64 ksi
Tensile Strength   4.14e7 - 5.27e7 Pa   6 - 7.64 ksi
Elongation   0.4 - 0.8 % strain   40 - 80 % strain
Hardness (Vickers)   1.22e8 - 1.55e8 Pa   12.4 - 15.8 HV
Impact Strength (unnotched)   1.9e5 - 2e5 J/m^2   90.4 - 95.2 ft.lbf/in^2
Fracture Toughness   3.63e6 - 3.85e6 Pa/m^0.5   3.3 - 3.5 ksi/in^0.5
Young's Modulus   2.48e9 - 3.3e9 Pa   0.36 - 0.479 10^6 psi
Thermal    
Max Service Temperature   50 - 65 °C   122 - 149 °F
Insulator or Conductor   Insulator   Insulator
Specific Heat Capability   1e3 - 1.1e3 J/kg °C   0.239 - 0.263 BTU/lb. °F
Thermal Expansion Coefficent   9e-5 - 1.8e-4 strain/°C   50 - 100 µstrain/°F
Eco    
CO2 Footprint   1.85 - 2.04 kg/kg   1.85 - 2.04 lb/lb
Recycleable   Yes   Yes

The information on this page is intended as general guidance only and is only accurate at the time of posting (see date below). Specific material properties vary by manufacturer. Please contact a Dielectric application engineer for help in choosing the optimal material for your application and budget.

Posting Date: July 30, 2012